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OCD- Meaning, Risk factors, Symptoms,diagnosis and Treatment.

Introduction:

Obsessive Compulsive disorder is a disorder characterised by thoughts which are excessive in nature leading to certain repetitive behaviours which can harm a person psychologically according to the extent of OCD.
Each of us do some repetitive actions which relieves us but it is normal only if it is in limit and do not harm us mentally and physically.
Personally, I usually check if door is locked and gas is off around 4 to 5 times when I go to sleep and while going out. I can't sleep without checking this number of times even though I know checking once is enough. I developed this in my teens but the difference is I use to check on gas and door for nearly 20 times then which was high but now I have consciously reduced it but not stopped.  But people with OCD involve themselves in this unnecessary actions for long hours in a day and they may not like doing this actions but are relieved or comforted after repetitive actions.

In this blog ,I will throw light on OCD , its symptoms,and treatment.We now know what is OCD? We will go through the risk factors.

Cleanliness, Maid, Maintains, Cleaning, Household


Risk factors:

Family history: 
People with family history of OCD may tend to develop this disorder.
Any stressful incidence :
Certain stressful incidence may lead to developing this disorder especially in teenagers which may continue to serious disorder.

Physical or sexual abuse in childhood too may be risk factor for OCD.

Symptoms  :

"My hands are not clean." Such thought process persons involve in excessive washing of hands. Few people may take bath many number of times fearing of germ contamination.  They may even spend more than a half day in shower.

Person Washing His Hand

"I have a headache seeing this house it's so disorganised". Persons with this thoughts involve in organisation of things around them.Even a minute change in things of house makes them upset.

Empty Living Room

Certain persons with OCD are suspicious . They may be extremely suspicious of people around them.

Few feel that certain number or colour or any event is linked to any bad forthcoming's.

Few are perfectionists who want things in very precise manner . Even a slight  makes them anxious and uneasy.

Excessive nail biting, hair pulling, skin picking are too symptoms of OCD.

Diagnosis:

Physical Examination:
Physical examination includes examination of behaviours,family history,age of occurrence and what stress may have caused the disorder.
Laboratory tests:
CBC ( complete Blood Count)
Thyroid tests
Addictions to alcohol is too evaluated.

Treatment:

Treatment includes both medication therapy along with psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy involves exposure to the factors which are stimulants of OCD . Family too is involved if required.
ERP (Exposure and Response Prevention) is a therapy where in person with OCD is exposed to the thoughts repeatedly without deliberately carrying out the compulsive behaviours so that they get comfortable with the thoughts and limit the  compulsive  behaviour.
Certain anti depressants are given along with psychotherapy  which will be helping him /her to remain calm.

Tips for healthy lifestyle:

  1. Practising Yoga, relaxation exercises helps in building healthy lifestyle which helps in dealing with OCD.
  2. Get enough sleep: get a maximum of 8 hours of sleep.
  3. Take nutritious diet
  4. Avoid alcohol and smoking
  5. Involve your family , talk to them your problems and how to cope with it together. They will remain your support system.

Conclusion:

Like I have said each one of us do some repetitive tasks which makes us feel safe. I use to check gas and door knobs alot of times and now reduced. This behaviour helps us in being safe but this should not exceed to a level which starts impairing our mental health. If you find you too are getting alot of thoughts and compulsions consult psychiatrist at the earliest as you can to lead a mentally sound lifestyle.
Thank you, 

Divya Lokesh.

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