Skip to main content

Health Effects of Smoking - Chemicals found in cigarettes and list of diseases caused by them.

''Smoking causes Death'' is the Statutory warning on the screens displayed when the is a scene displayed shows a person smoking. Even on the cigarette packets we see a scary image of oral cancer with a message " Smoking Causes Cancer". Inspite of all these warnings there is increased incidence of smokers succumbing to cancer or other ailments associated with smoking.
Smoking, Do Not Smoke, Cigarette, Stop, Attachment





Smoking releases nearly 4000 harmful chemicals which are toxic to health.   Few of the chemicals are-

Tar - A dark colour substance which gets accumulated in lungs which may lead to cancer.





Carbon monoxide - A gas which interfere with oxygen carrying capacity to the cells of our body which affects all the organs.

Nicotine- A powerful drug derived from tobacco plants which enters the brain in seconds releasing dopamine and endorphins which makes it highly addictive.

Arsenic- This is a chemical found in rat poisons.

Cadmium- A poisonous chemical used in batteries.

Toluene- It is used in industries as a solvent.

AmmoniaA chemical used in dyes.

Hydrogen cyanide- A Poison and many more which affects our health in many ways.
Let's go through few of them.

Stroke :

The chemicals released from smoking causes blood vessels  to thicken and  narrow causing interrupted blood supply resulting in tachycardia ( high heart rate) and increased blood pressure.
Due to this interrupted blood flow, there is increased incidence of stroke in smokers.

Cancer :

Smoking can cause mutations in our DNA ( Deoxy Ribo nucleic Acid)  causing cancer in any part of the body. It increases a risk of 
  • Oral cancer
  • Throat cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Colo rectal cancer( cancer of colon and rectum)
  • Bladder cancer
  • Leukaemia ( blood cancer)Cancer, Newspaper, Word, Magnifier, Magnifying Glass

This shows smoking doesn't only impact respiratory system but it has bad effects from head to toes.

Smoking on Heart health :

There is increased chance of developing CHD (Coronary Heart Disease ) as smoking causes damage in epithelium layer of blood vessels causing blood vessel constriction and also releasing platelets to the site due to damage increasing the stickiness of the blood causing plaque ( Atherosclerosis) resulting in heart attacks.

heart illustration

Smoking on bone health :

There is increased risk of osteoporosis as smoking results in decreased calcium absorption and osteoblastic activity ( Production of bone cells)
Bone, Dog, Skeleton


Smoking on reproductive health:





Smoking reduces the chance of conception .
In pregnancy, if a woman smokes it directly affects fetus normal growth and development . It may also cause chromosomal abnormalities resulting in malformed fetus.

The Uterus, Uterus Shape, The Uterus Model

Smoking on Respiratory health :

Smoking affects lungs directly. Tar,a chemical released gets deposited in the lungs .Damage to the tissue occurs especially cilia, the hair like structure in the lungs which helps in dirt removal. Later stages it affects alveloli which is basic structural and functional unit of lungs impairing the gas exchange causing decreased oxygen levels in the blood . It results in difficulty in breathing. 
Pneumonia, emphysema, Atelectasis , COPD , Asthma are the respiratory diseases that can occur due to smoking.

Lungs, Organ, Anatomy, Bronchia, Bronchial Tubes

Smoking on immune system :

Smoking weakness the immune system making you prone for susceptible infections.

Defense, Protection, Threat, Immune System, Imunabwehr

Smoking on eye health :

Smoking increases the risk of age related macular degeneration , cataract, diabetic retinopathy.
Eye, Iris, Look, Focus, Green, Close Up, Macro, Girl

Smoking on skin :

Skin becomes dry losing its elasticity leading to wrinkle formation.  Skin looks dull.


Quit smoking as soon as possible:

Quitting is not as easy as said. It needs determination, time and patience. But in an end , it is for your best. There is not a single organ left unaffected by smoking . Make up your mind to quit smoking. Doing these things while quitting helps you :
  • Do regular exercise as it releases endorphins which makes you happy and lessens craving .
  • Attend yoga classes.
  • Diversional therapy.
  • Keep yourself away from smoking zones.
  • Take medical help if required.
Conclusion :

Smoking is leading cause of preventable deaths all over the world. Inspite of knowing the health hazards of smoking people continue smoking .If you are non smoker and inhale the second hand smoke it affects you the same as smokers. Therefore, avoid smoking zones and second hand smoke.

Thank you,
Divya Lokesh.




Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Top 10 Foods For Healthy Eyes and Eye Care Tips..

Introduction : Eyes is a vital sense organ and we face lot of eye related disorders these days due to many factors , it may be genetical factor which we cannot prevent but life style changes can prevent age related macular degeneration by healthy intake of food rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, leutin, zeaxanthin, beta carotene , omega 3 fatty acids. Let us go through some of the foods which help us to improve our eyesight. 1. Fish : Certain fish mainly oily fish are a good source of omega 3 fatty acids which helps in vision. Fish like tuna, mackerel, salmon ,sardine comes into this list. 2. Eggs : Egg yolks have vitamin A content which is beneficial for our eyes. Apart from it , it is packed with proteins,antioxidants like leutin, zeaxanthin which prevents chronic eye diseases. 3. Carrots: We were told that eat carrot as it is good for your eyes since we were child. Yes , carrots contain beta carotene which helps to protect our vision. The beta carotene in carrot

Confused with the selection of cooking oil? 8 cooking oils towards healthier life..

Introduction: Cooking oil selection is a dilemma for many. With new oils coming into market in the name of zero cholesterol , low absorption, we are naturally confused in selection of oil. I remember when I was kid my mom  using groundnut oil . Later in 90's sunflower oil gained   popularity.  Let's see the types of cooking oil to use and its benefits . 1. Ghee : Ayurveda has given alot of importance to ghee owing to its healing properties. It contains omega-3 fatty acids with Vitamin A.  It is good source of energy and easily digestible too.  Ghee is good for heart health too . It lowers LDL (Bad Cholesterol) and increases HDL (Good Cholesterol). Ghee should be taken in small quantity everyday.  Children diet should include ghee which gives them necessary fats for healthy growth.  Adding a tea spoon of ghee in diet also decreases the incidence of arthritis. You  can use ghee for seasoning curries and also as topping . It  enhances the taste and also helps

7 simple kitchen changes towards healthier you..

We all want to lead a healthy life. We have to put in some efforts to do this .  Here are 5 simple kitchen lifestyle changes u can make in a step to healthier life.. 1. Store water in copper pitcher or copper vessel : Avoid plastic bottles and use steel or copper bottles . Copper is vital mineral ,drinking from copper vessel gives the mineral to our body. It has antimicrobial, antioxidant , anti inflammatory properties. Make sure to wash and dry and keep the copper vessel clean. 2. Use earthen pots to store water in summer : Drinking water from clay pots in summer prevents heat stroke. 3. Replace the plastic water bottle and lunch boxes with steel : These days fancy plastic lunch boxes for kids are available , but ditch the plastic and use other safe option like steel. 4. Take steel spoon with u : When u eat out , the plastic spoons are used . Use steel spoon for your healthier life and also environmental health. 5. Replace A