Skip to main content

Risk factors for Heart Disease - Wellness Love





\
Introduction :

Today, we find there is increased incidence of heart diseases which is due to various factors such as increased sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, processed foods and the list goes on. Here, are a few risk factors for heart disease.

Pulse, Frequency, Heartbeat, Heart





Risk factors for Heart disease :

The risk factors for heart disease can be divided into :
  • Non modifiable Risk factors
  • Modifiable Risk factors

Non modifiable risk factors :

1. Age :

The risk of heart diseases increases with age. People older than 65 years are more prone to heart diseases due to age related changes .

Hands, Walking Stick, Elderly, Old Person, Cane

2. Sex :

Males are more prone to heart diseases when compared to women.
Women after menopause are equally at risk as compared to men.


3. Family history  :

Genetics plays a role in certain diseases including heart disease. The risk of heart diseases increases by 40 % if you have a sibling with heart disease, a study says. It is more accelerated if family history is combined with unhealthy lifestyle.

4. Ethnicity :

African- Americans are more prone to heart diseases.


Modifiable risk factors :





The name itself suggests that these risk factors can be reduced if you make lifestyle changes. Some of them are :

1. Smoking :

Smoking is one of the major preventable cause of heart disease. Infact ,the risk of developing heart disease increases twice than non smoker and 1 in 5 deaths of people with heart disease is directly linked to smoking.

So, How does smoking affect heart ?
  • Smoking causes arteries of the heart to harden which puts pressure on heart to work harder. 
  • Nicotine in cigarettes affects the oxygen binding to haemoglobin thus reducing the oxygen carrying capacity of blood leading to increased blood pressure and heart rate.
  • Risk of clot formation too is increased which may lead to heart attack and stroke.
Cigarette, Smoke, Embers, Ash, Burns

Prevention :

Good news is that the bad effects of smoking can be reversed with time but for that you need to quit smoking at earliest.

2. Sedentary lifestyle :

You would have heard that, Sitting for long hours is equal to smoking. Lack of physical activity puts you in risk of many diseases like diabetes, hypertension and heart disease.
Improvement in technology has reduced our physical exertion . Inactivity may impact our weight leading to obesity, it also affects clotting mechanism causing clots, which all in turn affects heart.

Prevention :
  • Lead a physically active lifestyle. Develop the activity of your interest be it swimming, jogging, football etc.. 
  • Even small amounts of exercise helps in great way.

3. Stress :

Modern busy lifestyle results in stress, anxiety and many more behavioural disorders.  People who tend to be on stress , anger, anxiety more often are at increased risk of heart diseases.

grayscale photography of woman sitting on a bench

Prevention :
  • Practice yoga .
  • Use stress management techniques.
  • Set realistic goals .
  • Behavioural therapy if needed.





4. Unhealthy eating habits :

Eating processed foods more often is bad for heart as it has high salt content, preservatives.

Burger, Hamburger, Bbq, Food, Fast Food

Prevention :

  • Avoid consuming processed foods regularly. 
  • Check for labels of contents  before buying.

5. High cholesterol levels :

Normal cholesterol levels is below 200 mg/ dl. Above this range is not good for heart.

HDL ( High Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol is good cholesterol, the higher the HDL levels the better.

LDL cholesterol (Low Density Lipoprotein )is bad cholesterol.  The lower the levels , the better.


Prevention  :
  • Eat good fats like fats in nuts like almonds.
  • Lower the consumption of fried foods.
  • Avoid red meat, high fat dairy  products if your levels on higher side.


6. High blood pressure :

High blood pressure is leading cause of heart disease which includes arrhythmia, Ischaemic heart disease, Myocardial Infraction.
Normal blood pressure is 120/80 mm of Hg. 
150/90 mm of Hg and above taken on two separate occasion is considered hypertension .

Hypertension on long term causes hardening of arteries (Atherosclerosis ) which predisposes to other heart complications.

Anatomy Of The Human Body, Big Picture

Prevention :
  • When detected with hypertension , take anti hypertensives as per doctors advice.
  • Limit the intake of salt .
7. High Sugar levels :

High levels of sugar in blood overtime causes damage to blood vessels of heart and nerves which control heart .

Diabetes, Disease, Diabetic, Health

Prevention :

  • Regular physical activity. 
  • Oral hypoglycemics as per prescription 
  • Keep sugar levels under control. 
8. Obesity :

Having a BMI greater than 25 puts in risk category of heart diseases along with others. Excess weight strains the heart . 

Weight Loss, Weight, Nutrition, Scale

Prevention :

Maintain a healthy weight. You can achieve this with balanced diet and exercises.

9. Alcohol consumption :

Heavy drinking is associated with serious health problems . Regular consumption with increased quantity may cause increased blood pressure.

Drink, Alcohol, Cup, Whiskey, The Drink

Prevention :

Limit the alcohol intake. 

10. Did you know ? 

Dental health is associated with heart health too. Periodonitis, a gum disease puts you in risk of developing heart disease. Untreated infection raise the bacterial levels in blood which affects the valves of heart. 

Zahnreinigung, Dental Repairs

Prevention  :

Maintain proper dental hygiene. 





Get proper treatment for infection.


Conclusion  :

Modifiable risk factors are the ones which can be prevented by implementing active lifestyle.  If you are genetically prone for heart disease and you lead the sedentary lifestyle you are twice at risk. Follow the preventive measures above . If you found this blog informative one , please share it with the people you care.

Thank you..
























































Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Top 10 Foods For Healthy Eyes and Eye Care Tips..

Introduction :

Eyes is a vital sense organ and we face lot of eye related disorders these days due to many factors , it may be genetical factor which we cannot prevent but life style changes can prevent age related macular degeneration by healthy intake of food rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, leutin, zeaxanthin, beta carotene , omega 3 fatty acids. Let us go through some of the foods which help us to improve our eyesight.








1. Fish :

Certain fish mainly oily fish are a good source of omega 3 fatty acids which helps in vision. Fish like tuna, mackerel, salmon ,sardine comes into this list.


2. Eggs :
Egg yolks have vitamin A content which is beneficial for our eyes.
Apart from it , it is packed with proteins,antioxidants like leutin, zeaxanthin which prevents chronic eye diseases.


3. Carrots:
We were told that eat carrot as it is good for your eyes since we were child. Yes , carrots contain beta carotene which helps to protect our vision. The beta carotene in carrot is converted into vitamin A in…

Confused with the selection of cooking oil? 8 cooking oils towards healthier life..

Introduction:

Cooking oil selection is a dilemma for many. With new oils coming into market in the name of zero cholesterol , low absorption, we are naturally confused in selection of oil. I remember when I was kid my mom using groundnut oil. Later in 90's sunflower oil gained  popularity. Let's see the types of cooking oil to use and its benefits .


1. Ghee :

Ayurveda has given alot of importance to ghee owing to its healing properties. It contains omega-3 fatty acids with Vitamin A. It is good source of energy and easily digestible too. Ghee is good for heart health too . It lowers LDL (Bad Cholesterol) and increases HDL (Good Cholesterol). Ghee should be taken in small quantity everyday. Children diet should include ghee which gives them necessary fats for healthy growth. Adding a tea spoon of ghee in diet also decreases the incidence of arthritis.You can use ghee for seasoning curries and also as topping . It  enhances the taste and also helps in loosing weight when taken in sm…

Top 10 Sources Of Magnesium . Magnesium - Deficiency and Supplementation.

Introduction :

Magnesium  is macro mineral required to perform various biochemical reactions in our body. 
It has a key role in mechanism of heart, maintaining immunity, nerve conduction, for strong bones. Along with it , it may also reduce depression , reduce blood pressure and sugar levels. 
Magnesium is also calcium channel blocker which mainly helps in relaxation of arteries and veins, which increases the blood flow . Studies have found deficiency of magnesium is associated with Myocardial Infraction( Heart Attack).


Recommended Daily Allowance of Magnesium:




320 - 420 mg of magnesium a day for adults.

It differs according to the age group , gender, certain medical ailments which causes magnesium deficiency such as diabetes, Gastrointestinal disorders which affect the absorption process such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Crohn's disease.

Now, Let's move on to the Top sources of Magnesium :

1. Spinach :

Most of the green leafy vegetables are rich source of magnesium and spinach tops th…